FIRST AID MEASURES
By bystander or victim
Immediately transfer after providing first aid to a health facility where optimal medical care with antisnake venom (ASV) is available,
close observation can be maintained, facility for laboratory investigation is available, and definite treatment can be provided.
At The Community or Village Level
– Check history of snakebite and look for obvious evidence of a bite (fang puncture marks, bleeding, swelling of the bitten part etc.). However, in krait bite no local marks may be seen. It can be noted by magnifying lens as a pin head bleeding spot with surrounding rash.
– Reassure the patient as around 70% of all snakebites are from non-venomous species.
– Immobilize the limb in the same way as a fractured limb. Use bandages or cloth to hold the splints (wooden stick), but do NOT block the blood supply or apply pressure. Ideally the patient should lie in the recovery position (prone, on the left side) with his/her airway protected to minimize the risk of aspiration of vomitus.
– Nil by mouth till victim reaches a medical health facility.
– Traditional remedies have NO PROVEN benefit in treating snakebite.
– Shift the victim to the nearest health facility (PHC or hospital) immediately.
– Arrange transport of the patient to medical care as quickly, safely and passively
as possible by vehicle ambulance, boat, bicycle, motorbike, stretcher etc.