What’s the difference between Hospitals and Polyclinics

Hospitals and Polyclinics

As nouns the difference between hospitals and polyclinics is that hospitals are building designed to diagnose and treat the sick, injured, or dying and usually have a staff of doctors and nurses to aid in the treatment of patients while a polyclinic is a clinic in which diseases of many sorts are treated; especially, an institution in which clinical instruction is given in all kinds of disease.

Main differences between Hospitals and Polyclinics

Hospitals are full-fledged treatment centers equipped with surgical or medical instruments. There are different rooms and many beds. The stay could be shorter or longer. Hospital buildings are larger than clinics/polyclinics, polyclinic is a medical facility that is larger than an individual clinic, but smaller than a hospital. It is a medical center where a patient can meet several doctors and nurses, and get pathological tests and minor procedures done. Even further, multiple-specialty hospitals are much larger, 5-star category, and exclusive (and very costly). They have large rooms, radiology, pathology, etc., and super specialty in-house as well as visiting doctors and nurses.

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Clinics typically provide non-emergency outpatient care that’s routine or preventive. Although hospitals can also provide outpatient services, they focus more on providing inpatient care. You’ll typically go to a hospital for specialist care, surgery, or for more serious, life-threatening conditions.

What are the types of clinics in a Polyclinic?

What are the types of clinics in a Polyclinic?
Hospitals and Polyclinics: What are the types of clinics in a Polyclinic?
  • Hospital clinics.
  • Public health clinics.
  • Private clinics.
  • Health centres.
  • Polyclinics.
  • Family planning clinics.
  • Primary care clinics.
  • Specialized clinics.
  • Sexual health clinics.
  • Mental health clinics.
  • Addiction services clinics.
  • Community health centers.
  • Retail clinics.
  • Rural health clinics.

Many polyclinics offer medical services like:

  • X-rays, MRIs, and other imaging scans
  • Lab tests and bloodwork
  • Outpatient surgeries
  • Colonoscopies
  • Mammograms
  • Specialty care for some medical issues
  • Routine physical exams
  • Stitches for minor injuries
  • Chemotherapy or radiation for cancer patients

Types of Hospitals

cheerful stomatologist talking with patient sitting in dental chair
Photo by Anna Shvets on Pexels.com

Hospitals are typically subsidized by the government, for-profit or nonprofit health agencies, health insurance providers, or charities, such as direct charitable donations. Depending on the funding, hospitals can be classified into one of three groups. 

Below mentioned are the types of the hospital:

  • Publicly owned hospital
  • Nonprofit hospitals
  • For-profit hospitals

Hospitals may be further graded depending on the type of care they provide (indicative) or the services they provide, such as:

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  • Specialty Hospitals
  • General Medical & Surgical Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Teaching Hospitals
  • Psychiatric Hospitals
  • Clinics for Family Planning and Abortion
  • Hospices & Palliative Care Centers
  • Centers for Emergency and Other Outpatient Care
  • Clinics for Sleep Disorders
  • Blood & Organ Banks
  • Dental Laboratories

Funding of the Hospitals 

  • Support for modern hospitals comes from several places. They may be paid for by public funds, charitable contributions, or private funds and health insurance. The National Health Service in the United Kingdom provides state-funded health services to legal citizens “completely free of delivery,” as well as emergency care to everyone, regardless of nationality or status.
  • Due to the requirement for hospitals to prioritize their available resources, there is a propensity for ‘waiting lists’ for non-essential treatment in countries with such programs, then those who can access it can opt for private medical insurance to receive treatment quite rapidly and efficiently.
  • Hospitals and clinics in the United States are generally privately owned and operated, with certain for-profit hospitals including HCA Healthcare. A chargemaster is used to charge a database of procedures and their costs; nevertheless, these prices could be lower for healthcare services provided across healthcare networks.
  • Hospitals are required by law to treat patients in life-threatening emergencies regardless of their financial capacity to pay. Privately operated hospitals that accept people without insurance in emergency cases, including the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, suffer significant revenue damage.

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